You might be wondering what the difference between black tea and green tea actually is.
Frankly, both type of teas are made from the same plant - Camellia sinensis.
However, the main difference lies in its processing method.
Production Difference: Black Tea vs Green Tea
The oxidation process of black tea involves withering, rolling, oxidation, and firing (drying), resulting in dark brown to black leaves and a strong, rich flavor.
On the other hand, green tea is minimally oxidized or not oxidized at all. It is made by steaming or pan-frying the tea leaves shortly after harvesting. This preserves its color, as opposed to the change of color in black teas.
Flavor Difference: Black Tea vs Green Tea
The flavor of black tea can be quite dynamic. Generally, it is quite bold and complex, but the flavor notes can depend on the region of origin. Nepali black teas have caramel and honey notes, but black teas from other region might have different flavor profile.
On the other hand, green teas generally have a more vegetal and sometimes sweet flavors. Most people brew green tea in boiling water, leading the liquor to be bitter. However, if you brew it in settled water, then green tea should also have a complex flavor profile.
Caffeine Content: Black Tea vs Green Tea
Black teas have more caffeine because it is oxidized.
However, green tea has relatively lesser caffeine because its natural oxidation process is stopped quickly during its production.